Get the Fact on Your Foot or Ankle Condition in Our Podiatry FAQ

Our patients are full of questions both before and during treatment. In order to help patients find relief as quickly as possible, our Florida podiatrists have compiled the most popular questions about bunions, diabetic foot injuries, ingrown toenails, and more on one page. Search our FAQ for fast answers!

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  • What is the bump on my heel?


    Painful bump on heel of footThe two most likely explanations for the bump on your heel depend on the location of the abnormal lump and the causative factors. When you have a bump on the back outer edge of your heel, the condition is known as either Haglund’s deformity or, more informally, pump bump. This condition is commonly caused by stiff, closed heels that apply persistent pressure to the back of the foot. The “pump bump” moniker comes from the fact that high-heeled shoes are frequently to blame.

    If the abnormal bump is on the very back center of your heel, you likely have a heel spur. This calcium buildup is commonly associated with a tight Achilles tendon and develops when the tight tendon tugs on the heel bone it is anchored to.  It is important to know that a help spur can also develop on the very bottom of the help and is frequently associated with another heel pain malady known as plantar fasciitis.

    For an accurate diagnosis, and a customized treatment plan, be sure to come in and see one of our doctors here at Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida. While you may have either a heel spur or pump bump, we need to see you in person for an accurate diagnosis. No matter what we find, you can trust that we will strive to provide the relief you are seeking. Call us today for more information at 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if you call from Lake County), or request your appointment online.

  • What are the symptoms of a ruptured Achilles tendon?


    Achilles tendon pain There are various foot and ankle sports injuries that patients sustain by leading an active lifestyle, including rupturing an Achilles tendon. A ruptured tendon is when the tendon becomes torn—either completely or partially—in response to excessive stretching of the muscle. Being able to recognize symptoms of a ruptured Achilles tendon is instrumental for ensuring proper treatment, which may include surgery

    Most people will experience one or several of the following symptoms, although it is possible to rupture the Achilles tendon without feeling any of them.  Common symptoms include:

    • A popping or snapping sound when the injury occurs
    • An inability to stand on your toes on the injured leg
    • An inability to bend your foot downward or "push off" the injured leg when you walk
    • Pain, possibly severe, and swelling near your heel

    There are other Achilles tendon injuries that can develop—including Achilles tendinitis and tendinosis—it is important to seek treatment no matter what type of injury you sustain. Contact Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida for additional information, or to request an appointment at any of our five offices (Orlando, Tavares, Lake Mary, Kissimmee, and Altamonte Springs), by calling 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if calling from Lake County).

  • What is ankle instability?

    Chronic ankle instability happens when a sprained ankle is not allowed to heal fully before normal activities are resumed, particularly those that are more intense in nature. A weakened ankle is more susceptible to reinjury in the future. Repeated ankle sprains are the most common reason for the development of this chronic condition.Ankle instability makes physical activity difficult!

    Ankle instability can be a long-term, chronic condition in which the outer side of the ankle has a greater propensity for giving way and ankle sprains are more often sustained. With ankle instability, the ankle may even give way when an affected individual is merely standing in place. Common complaints are persistent swelling and discomfort, tenderness, pain, and feeling as though the ankle is unstable or wobbly.

    The best way to prevent this condition from developing is to allow a sprained ankle to heal completely before resuming high-impact activities. If you already have an unstable ankle, come see one of our doctors at Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida for a professional treatment plan. Call us at 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if calling from Lake County) to request your appointment.

  • What are some rare foot conditions?

    Our Florida podiatrists treat patients for many common lower limb conditions. In some cases, though, a patient will come in with a problem that isn’t seen very often. Some of these include:kids running in the outdoors

    • Kohler’s disease. Most often seen in boys between the ages of 3 and 5, this condition causes swelling, tenderness, and pain in one of the two feet. This is the result of avascular necrosis (bone deterioration from impaired blood supply).
    • Freiberg’s disease. Adolescents between the ages of 12-15 who experience vaguely-located forefoot pain that worsens with physical activity might have this rare condition.
    • Buerger’s disease. Intermittent pain, inflammation, painful open sores, and toes that become pale when exposed to cold temperatures are symptoms of this condition. Buerger’s disease is linked to tobacco usage.

    Given the wide range of foot and ankle issues—from common to rather rare ones—it is important to remember that anything unusual in the lower limbs should be evaluated. Our doctors can help you understand what is happening, and then create an effective treatment plan to address it.

    If you have questions or need to request an appointment at any of our five locations, simply give us a call at either 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if you call from Lake County). You can also contact us online right now.

  • How can diabetic individuals avoid amputation?

    One of the leading causes of lower limb amputations is diabetes. If you are diabetic, you can take measures to reduce your risk. Collectively, these measures are part of a diabetic foot care plan created with the help of our doctors to help you manage possible lower limb complications.

    Specific measures to help you avoid lower limb amputation include:

    • Daily foot inspections. Every night, check your feet for anything that looks out of the ordinary.
    • STOP smoking. Smoking contributes to nerve damage, and circulatory problems which may leave you unable to feel damage in your lower extremities.
    • Control your blood sugar. High glucose levels also damage nerves.
    • Choose shoes carefully. Our office can provide recommendations for diabetic footwear to keep you safe.
    • Be careful when clipping your toenails. Improper nail trimming practices increase the risk for ingrown toenails, which can open the door for potential infections.  Our office can provide routine foot care.

    For additional information, or to have one of our doctors help you create a diabetic foot care plan, call Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida at 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (when you call from Lake County). Our staff will schedule an appointment for you at one of our five offices in Orlando, Altamonte Springs, Lake Mary, Kissimmee, and Tavares.

  • What is arthritis?

    Arthritis is a catchall term used for numerous conditions that cause stiffness and inflammation in joints. Common types of arthritis that affect foot and ankle health include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and post-traumatic arthritis.Arthritis in the feet

    Osteoarthritis is frequently associated with arthritis because it is the most common arthritic condition. This can be thought of as the “wear and tear” variety that develops over time.

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder. In this condition, the immune system attacks and breaks down protective joint lining.

    Gout is a form of arthritis that develops in response to dietary habits. More specifically, it is caused by uric acid buildup that crystalizes in joints (particularly the one found at the base of the big toe). Uric acid is a natural byproduct of food breakdown, but issues arise when either too much is produced or it is not properly expelled from the body.

    Post-traumatic arthritis is an early onset of osteoarthritis that happens following a traumatic injury.

    No matter which arthritic condition is affecting your lower limbs, Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida is ready to help. Give us a call at 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if you call from Lake County) to request an appointment today.

  • How can I take care of elderly feet?

    Understanding how to take care of your feet as you age is an important consideration because of the physical changes your body goes through. Skin loses elasticity, the immune system becomes less effective, and there is less padding on the bottom of the foot. Thus, good senior foot care practices include:senior foot care

    • Keeping feet dry. Bacteria thrives in damp, warm environments. If you do not keep your feet dry, it could lead to potential infection.
    • Moisturizing. Keeping feet dry is important, but “too dry” creates its own issue, particularly cracked, fissured heels. Daily moisturizing can prevent this from happening.
    • Keeping toenails trimmed. In addition to pain and discomfort, ingrown toenails also increase infection risk. Proper trimming of toenails is important.
    • Choosing comfortable shoes. Since you lose natural padding on your feet as you age, make sure to choose comfortable, supportive footwear for optimal comfort and safety.
    • Exercising regularly. Even moderate activity levels can help with arthritis, improve circulation, and reduce your risk for medical issues.
    For additional information about caring for your feet as you age, contact the doctors of Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida by calling 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if calling from Lake County). You can also request an appointment with any of our five Florida offices online.

  • Will orthotics fix my child’s flat feet?

    As we look at whether or not orthotics fix flat feet, it is important to start by making a distinction between correcting a condition and treating symptoms.

    Orthotics will not improve arch height over time, thereby correcting the condition. Of course, the support these customized devices provide does relieve symptoms and are quite useful in this regard. One particular benefit of using an orthotic is to correct overpronation.

    orthotics can help flat feet

    Pronation is a completely natural inward rolling motion from heel to toe that feet use with every step. In the case of flat feet, this motion tends to be excessive (“overpronation”) and can potentially cause certain injuries. Custom-fitted orthotics can restrict this motion and prevent issues from developing by making sure forces are distributed across the foot as intended.

    Now, a consideration as to whether or not your son or daughter will benefit from a pair of customized orthotics is if pain is present. Not all cases of flatfoot cause pain. In these instances, we may simply want to monitor the condition and ensure problems do not develop.

    Call us at 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if calling from Lake County) for more information, or request an appointment with any of our five Florida offices online today.

  • Why is my child walking funny?

    It isn’t uncommon for a parent to wonder “Is my child walking funny?” For us to accurately answer this question, you should bring your child in to see one of our podiatrists. In most instances, everything is okay, but it is always better to err on the side of caution. Here are some of the signs you might want to be on the lookout for:Child walking

    • Intoeing – This is a fairly common condition where a child’s feet point inward. The causes for this include curved feet and inward twisting of either a shin or thigh bone.
    • Out-toeing – Not as common as intoeing, this condition is essentially the opposite (child’s feet point outward).
    • Flatfoot – The foot arch plays an integral role in every step, so logic dictates than an abnormal arch height can possibly impact a child’s gait.
    • Sever’s disease – This condition develops during adolescence when the heel bone is fully grown before the Achilles tendon. Your son or daughter may alter how he or she walks to avoid pain.
    • Toe Walking – Walking more on the toes or ball of the foot.  The normal gait is heel to toe.  A tight Achilles tendon can cause toe walking.

    In certain instances, these issues resolve themselves over time, but you may want to check with us. Give us a call at 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (in Lake County) or request an appointment with any of our five Florida offices by using our online request form.

  • When should my child start to wear shoes?


    Baby's footIf you are a new parent wondering when should a child start to wear shoes, the general guideline is that shoes really aren’t necessary until your son or daughter starts walking. When your little one does begin to walk, choose shoes that are lightweight, breathable and comfortable right away.  For children that are new to walking, look for shoes with a smooth bottom to help prevent slips and falls. It’s important to find shoes that are accommodating to your child’s feet as they grow and develop during their first few years of life. 

    For more information on child foot care, either contact us online or give us a call at 407-339-7759 or 352-589-9550 (if calling from Lake County). Our staff will be glad to answer any questions you have regarding foot care or assist you in setting up an appointment with any of our Florida offices – Orlando, Altamonte Springs, Lake Mary, Kissimmee, and Tavares.