What causes bunions?

Bunions can cause discomfort, pain, affect your ability to wear certain footwear, and remain active. Consequently, many people wonder what causes bunions. For a long time, the most common answer was “women’s footwear.” More specifically, high heels (pumps, stilettos) were singled out as causing this toe deformity. The medical community is still a bit divided on the role that footwear plays in the development of a bunion, but there are other causes of bunions worth noting.

In a general sense, a bunion develops due to an imbalance in the joint found at the base of the big toe, the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. When this happens, the joint’s instability leads to the big toe “drifting” inward. At the same time, the MTP joint begins to jut outward toward the inner edge of the foot.

Specific causes of this condition include: genetics (as the odds are significantly increased if a parent has a bunion), certain activities (i.e. dancers), foot injury, and finally certain shoe types.

No matter how your bunion was caused, you will want to have it addressed. These are progressive deformities, which means they will worsen if left untreated. Our staff at Foot & Ankle Associates of Florida can provide the care you need, so call us at 407-339-7759 and schedule an appointment at our Altamonte Springs, Lake Mary, Tavares, Kissimmee and Orlando offices or 352-589-9550 (if you live in Lake County).